AI, Machine Learning, Neural Networks… these are terms that transmit feelings
which are equally of hope and fear of the unknown.
Technological singularity is a hypothesis that predicts that there will come a
time when artificial intelligence will be able to improve itself recursively. In
theory, machines that are capable of creating other machines even more
intelligent, resulting in intelligence far superior to human beings and, which
could be even more shocking, beyond our control.
The word singularity was taken from astrophysics: a point in space-time, for
example, inside a black hole – in which the rules of ordinary physics are not
lost. It was associated with the explosion of artificial intelligence during the
1980s by science-fiction novelist Vernor Vinge. At a NASA symposium in
1993, Vinge predicted that in 30 years there would be technological means to
create superhuman intelligence called Singleton which refers to a “world order
in which there is a single decision-making entity at the highest level, capable of
exerting effective control over its domain and preventing internal or external
threats to its supremacy”. In addition to this, he assured that, shortly after, we
would reach the end of the human era.
In the next 20 years, there will be more technological changes than in the last 2
millennia. The technology is much faster than the brain – a calculator multiplies
5-digit numbers in tenths of a second – but it works differently, for example, it
does not have the level of connections equivalent to that of neurons in a human
However, if the exponential speed of Moore’s law does not stop and the
investigations of neural networks of giant corporations such as Google continue
to advance by 2040 the degree of technological integration in our lives will far
exceed the capacity of the human brain.
Throughout history, some technological advances have caused fear. The fear of
the new and the unknown is understandable, however, all technologies can be
modified for good or for evil, as you can use fire to heat and cook food, or to
In the case of the singularity, it seems clear that one must be cautious,
regulating its development but without limiting it and, above all, trying to
ensure that this future artificial intelligence learns from ethical and moral
values, as well as from mistakes and successes of the species. We must be clear
in our conception of the term. Human beings and machines are meant to co-
exist in symbiosis and not rivalry.
Mortality as an “optional” choice by 2045?
On the other hand, we could analyze if mortality will be “optional” by 2045.
Google has already started extravagant research initiatives since they realized
that curing aging is possible and that is why they are creating companies such as ‘Calico’ or ‘Human Longevity’, which are investigating it, but also non-profit
organizations such as the Methuselah Foundation. It is evident that the
possibilities are real since immortality already exists in nature. Some cells are
immortal and the stem cells affected the quality of reproducing indefinitely, just
like cancer cells.
One of the steps to achieve this is to fully comprehend the structure of incurable
diseases today, and then eradicate them. Thus, as it happens with HIV, a
controllable chronic disease, or diabetes. We must propose the same with aging:
turn it into a controllable chronic disease, and later on, cure it for good. It is
essential to begin human trials with rejuvenation technologies that have been
shown useful in other animals leading to advancements in human clinical trials